alexa The effects of kinesthetic illusory sensation induced by a visual stimulus on the corticomotor excitability of the leg muscles.


International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

Author(s): Aoyama T, Kaneko F, Hayami T, Shibata E

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Abstract A novel method of visual stimulus, reported by Kaneko et al. [14], induced a vivid kinesthetic illusion and increased the corticomotor excitability of the finger muscles without any overt movement. To explore the effect of this method on the lower limbs, motor evoked potentials (MEP) were recorded from the left tibialis anterior (TA) and soleus muscles using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). A computer screen that showed the moving image of an ankle movement was placed over the subject's leg, and its position was modulated to induce an illusory sensation that the subject's own ankle was moving (illusion condition). TMS was delivered at rest and at two different times during the illusion condition (ankle dorsiflexion phase: illusion-DF; ankle plantarflexion phase: illusion-PF). The MEP amplitude of the TA, which is the agonist muscle for ankle dorsiflexion, was significantly increased during the illusion-DF condition. This indicated that the visual stimulus showing the moving image of an ankle movement could induce a kinesthetic illusion and selectively increase the corticomotor excitability in an agonist muscle for an illusion, as was previously reported for an upper limb. The MEP amplitude of the soleus, which is the agonist muscle for ankle plantarflexion, increased during the illusion-PF condition, but not significantly. Because of the vividness of the illusory sensation was significantly greater during the illusion-DF condition than the illusion-PF condition, we concluded that the vividness of the illusory sensation had a crucial role in increasing corticomotor excitability. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Neurosci Lett and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation

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