alexa The emerging role of Brazil in clinical trial conduct for transplantation.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

Author(s): Silva HT Jr, Felipe CR, AbbudFilho M, Garcia V, MedinaPestana JO

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Abstract Brazil is a country with over 190 000 000 inhabitants and a health system composed of a large public, government managed system. Between 1999 and 2010 the number of deceased donors increased by 161\%, from 3.8 to 9.9 pmp, and the number of solid organ transplants increased by 121\%, from 2891 to 6402. This growth was a consequence of the creation of a well-organized national transplant program. Government funding, decentralization and educational investment in transplant coordinators and related professional were decisive. In 2009 Brazil was the second largest country in the absolute number of kidney transplants (n = 4259). There are significant region disparities in performance which are mainly due to the development status. Improvements in transplant and research regulations resulted in an increasing participation of Brazilian transplant centers in multicenter trials, reaching over 44 studies during the last 11 years. Brazilian centers have been involved in clinical trials using everolimus, sirolimus, fingolimod, mycophenolate mofetyl, mycophenolate sodium, tacrolimus modified-release, sotrastaurin, belatacept, JAK3 inhibitor CP690,550 and valganciclovir. The still increasing number of transplants performed every year along with more efficient regulatory and sanitary analysis, organized clinical research programs and reduction in region performance disparities will eventually increase even more the participation of Brazil in trials worldwide. 2011 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons. This article was published in Am J Transplant and referenced in Journal of Pharmacogenomics & Pharmacoproteomics

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