Author(s): Wu RC, Wang TL, Shih IeM
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Abstract ARID1A has emerged as a tumor suppressor gene, which is mutated in a broad spectrum of cancers, especially in those arising from ectopic or eutopic endometrium. As a subunit of SWI/SNF chromatin remodeler, ARID1A facilitates target-specific binding of SWI/SNF complexes to chromatin, thereby altering the accessibility of chromatin to a variety of nuclear factors. In human cancer, ARID1A possesses not only features of a gatekeeper, regulating cell cycle progression, but also features of a caretaker, preventing genomic instability. An increasing body of evidence suggests crosstalk between ARID1A and PI3K/Akt pathways, and between ARID1A and p53. In this review, we discuss the spectrum of ARID1A alterations in cancers, tumor suppression mechanisms of ARID1A, oncogenic pathways cooperating with ARID1A, and clinical implications of ARID1A mutation.
This article was published in Cancer Biol Ther
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis