Author(s): Quass U, Fermann M, Brker G
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Abstract Main results of the second stage of the so-called "European Dioxin Emission Inventory" are presented. They cover emission testing data gained from various facilities in the EU (among these the first emission measurements reported from Portugal and Greece) and some central European countries. Further, updated dioxin emission estimates for the most important emission sources in the 17 western European countries and an evaluation of the emission time trend from 1985 to 2005 are presented. The major conclusions are, that at present, iron ore sintering is likely to be the most important emission source type followed by the former "No. 1", municipal waste incineration; measurement data from a considerable number of installations are still missing, in particular from the metal industries in Spain and Italy; there still exist an unknown number of health care waste incinerators with flue gas PCDD/F concentrations above 100 ng I-TEQ/m3 which must be considered as important local sources; in general, considerable emission reduction has been achieved with respect to the industrial emission sources, whereas emissions from non-industrial sources hardly decreased; hence, in the near future the emissions from non-industrial sources are likely to exceed those from industrial installations; the goal of 90\% emission reduction set in the 5th EU Action Programme will be achieved for some source types only.
This article was published in Chemosphere
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation