alexa The expression of c-myc and c-N-ras in human cirrhotic livers, hepatocellular carcinomas and liver tissue surrounding the tumors.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

Author(s): Zhang XK, Huang DP, Qiu DK, Chiu JF

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Abstract To study the possible role of proto-oncogenes in the multistep process of human liver hepatocarcinogenesis, we have examined the expression of c-N-ras and c-myc in human hepatocellular carcinomas and liver tissue surrounding the tumors as well as cirrhotic livers which are generally considered to precede the formation of human hepatocellular carcinoma. One to four-fold higher expression of the c-N-ras proto-oncogene was observed in twelve hepatoma patients as compared to normal liver. Increased expression of c-N-ras was also observed in liver tissue surrounding these tumors. Eight patients exhibited an apparent higher expression of the c-N-ras oncogene in adjacent liver tissue than in their corresponding tumor tissues. Six human liver cirrhosis patients also exhibited a slight increase in c-N-ras expression. Southern blot analysis demonstrated an amplified c-N-ras sequence in these tissues surrounding the tumors. In the study of the c-myc gene, variable degrees of highly enhanced expression were found in all twelve hepatoma patients as compared to normal liver. The c-myc gene was also expressed in the adjacent liver tissue and in some of the human cirrhotic livers. Our studies give further evidence that the expression of c-N-ras and c-myc proto-oncogenes are involved in the process of human hepatocarcinogenesis.
This article was published in Oncogene and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis

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