alexa The expression of toll-like receptors 3 and 7 in rheumatoid arthritis synovium is increased and costimulation of toll-like receptors 3, 4, and 7 8 results in synergistic cytokine production by dendritic cells.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Author(s): Roelofs MF, Joosten LA

Abstract Share this page

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) 3 and 7 in synovium and to study potential differences in the maturation and cytokine production mediated by TLR-2, TLR-3, TLR-4, and TLR-7/8 by dendritic cells (DCs) from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and DCs from healthy controls. METHODS: Synovial expression of TLR-3 and TLR-7 in RA was studied using immunohistochemistry. Monocyte-derived DCs from RA patients and healthy controls were cultured for 6 days and subsequently stimulated for 48 hours via TLR-mediated pathways (lipoteichoic acid, Pam(3)Cys, and fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptide 1 for TLR-2, poly[I-C] for TLR-3, lipopolysaccharide and extra domain A for TLR-4, and R848 for TLR-7/8). Phenotypic DC maturation was measured using flow cytometry. The secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, and IL-12 was measured using the Bio-Plex system. Cell lines expressing TLR-2 and TLR-4 were used for the detection of TLR-2 and TLR-4 ligands in serum and synovial fluid from RA patients. RESULTS: TLR-3 and TLR-7 were highly expressed in RA synovium. All TLR ligands elicited phenotypic DC maturation equally between DCs from RA patients and those from healthy controls. TLR-2- and TLR-4-mediated stimulation of DCs from RA patients resulted in markedly higher production of inflammatory mediators (TNFalpha and IL-6) compared with DCs from healthy controls. In contrast, upon stimulation of TLR-3 and TLR-7/8, the level of cytokine production was equal between DCs from RA patients and those from healthy controls. Remarkably, both TLR-3 and TLR-7/8 stimulation resulted in a skewed balance toward IL-12. Intriguingly, the combined stimulation of TLR-4 and TLR-3-7/8 resulted in a marked synergy with respect to the production of inflammatory mediators. As a proof of concept, TLR-4 ligands were increased in the serum and synovial fluid of RA patients. CONCLUSION: TLRs are involved in the regulation of DC activation and cytokine production. We hypothesize that various TLR ligands in the joint trigger multiple TLRs simultaneously, favoring the breakthrough of tolerance in RA.

This article was published in Arthritis Rheum and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd International Conference on Transcriptomics
    October 30 - November 01, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords