Author(s): Konno A, Kirby M, Anderson SA, Schwartzberg PL, Candotti F
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Abstract The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) is a key molecule for transduction of extracellular signals that induce a variety of critical biological events involving actin cytoskeleton rearrangement. Among the cellular partners of WASP, the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein-interacting protein (WIP) has been speculated to play a critical role in the pathophysiology of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome since WASP mutation hot spots map to the WIP-binding region. The notion that WIP promotes WASP function, however, conflicts with evidence that WIP inhibits WASP-mediated actin polymerization and IL-2 production and suggests a complex regulation of WASP function by WIP. Here we show that WASP gene transfer results in high WASP expression only when WIP is concomitantly expressed in K562 cells. Furthermore, WIP-knockdown experiments demonstrated that T cells with reduced WIP expression show a concordant reduction of WASP levels. Mapping studies using WIP mutants showed that the minimal WIP region able to rescue WASP expression in WIP-knockdown cells was the WASP-binding domain. However, expression of such a minimal domain of WIP failed to rescue WASP-dependent, nuclear factor of activated T-cells-mediated IL-2 transcriptional activity. These results demonstrate that expression of WIP is necessary for functional WASP expression in human cells and provide a new paradigm for understanding the function of these two molecules.
This article was published in Int Immunol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology