Author(s): McVeigh KA, Vakros G
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Abstract AIM: In order to improve patient education, compliance, and administration of eye drops prescribed for patients suffering with glaucoma within a UK ophthalmology department, an eye drop chart (EDC) was designed, developed, and piloted with patients attending the glaucoma clinic over 1 month. METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective pilot study of 25 patients using an administration aid and a self-reported questionnaire. Chi-square tests were used to compare responses pre- and postintervention. RESULTS: Results demonstrated an impressive improvement in nine of eleven categories assessed regarding drop administration and compliance. Patients stating that they always wash their hands increased significantly from 64\% (13 participants) to 92\% (23 participants) (P=0.029), and those who always shake the bottle improved from 40\% (10) to 84\% (21) (P=0.001). Punctal occlusion techniques improved from 44\% (11) to 72\% (18) (P=0.015). Finally, patients who always discarded the bottle after 28 days of use rose from 68\% to 92\%, though the difference was not significant (P=0.09). Only the number of drops being administered to the eye and the length of time left between the application of drops remained relatively unchanged. Sixty-four percent reported finding EDC helpful or useful, 52\% had positive responses when asked if they would continue using EDC, and 88\% would recommend it to a friend. CONCLUSION: Although there are limitations to the data as they are subjective, descriptive, and limited to sample size of 25, the results of this pilot study have shown promise. The EDC appears to be a cost-effective way at improving patients' use of topical ocular medications.
This article was published in Clin Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology