alexa The fifth allele of the human deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) polymorphism.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

Author(s): Iida R, Yasuda T, Aoyama M, Tsubota E, Kobayashi M,

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Abstract The fifth allele, DNASE1*5, of human deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I) has been discovered. Polymerase chain reaction fragments containing exon 5 of the DNase I gene were screened for DNA polymorphism using single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. DNAs from 114 unrelated Japanese and 81 German individuals were tested and a new variant was detected. By DNA sequencing analysis, this variant was found to be caused by a heterozygous G-A transition at nucleotide position 1227 that results in a Val to Met substitution at amino acid position 92 of the mature enzyme. The nucleotide substitution was also confirmed by mismatched polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. Genotyping of the variant could be carried out by three independent reactions based on PCR amplification, and phenotyping by isoelectric focusing followed by immunostaining. The results supported the presence of the fifth codominant allele, DNASE1*5, which generates a new isozyme. This article was published in Electrophoresis and referenced in Journal of Metabolic Syndrome

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