alexa The First Jerger Lecture. Contralateral suppression of otoacoustic emissions: an index of the function of the medial olivocochlear system.
Medicine

Medicine

Otolaryngology: Open Access

Author(s): Berlin CI, Hood LJ, Hurley A, Wen H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We can now distinguish, in part, between nerve deafness and hair cell deafness through the use of otoacoustic emissions. We can also assess the efferent system by carefully quantifying the effects of contralateral stimulation on these same otoacoustic emissions. The suppression of transient evoked emissions by continuous contralateral white noise is an ostensibly small effect of 2 or 3 dB when studied over a 20-msec window. However, when subjected to microstructural analysis, the effect can exceed 6 to 8 dB in the zones from 10 to 20 msec after the stimulus has subsided. Temporal and spectral analyses reveal robust effects of contralateral lateral stimulation, although in any given normal subject it may be difficult to separate middle ear effects from efferent effects. Evidence is strong that the efferent effect is mediated in part by cholinergic-primarily nicotinic-receptors in the outer hair cell. However, a unique type of patient, who shows nearly normal pure-tone audiograms and absent ABRs, shows virtually no contralateral suppression of transient evoked emissions. Some other patients, with symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, may paradoxically show extremely poor audiograms, but perfectly normal evoked emissions along with absent contralateral suppression. The ABR, along with middle ear muscle reflexes and masking level differences, are all absent in these patients; we therefore think they have a disorder that desynchronizes most of their primary auditory nerve fibers and thereby disconnects them from any efferent activity or masking cancellation. The existence of such an auditory disorder, characterized by severe dysfunction in speech comprehension-especially when listening in noise-suggests that what appears to be a "central auditory imperception" might stem instead from a systemic peripheral primary neuropathy.
This article was published in Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg and referenced in Otolaryngology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords