alexa The formalin test: a quantitative study of the analgesic effects of morphine, meperidine, and brain stem stimulation in rats and cats.
Anesthesiology

Anesthesiology

Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

Author(s): Dubuisson D, Dennis SG, Dubuisson D, Dennis SG, Dubuisson D, Dennis SG, Dubuisson D, Dennis SG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A method for assessing pain and analgesia in rats and cats is described. The procedure involves subcutaneous injection of dilute formalin into the forepaw, after which the animal's responses are rated according to objective behavioral criteria. The formalin test is a statistically valid technique which has two advantages over other pain tests: (1) little or no restraint is necessary, permitting unhindered observation of the complete range of behavioral responses; and (2) the pain stimulus is continuous rather than transient, thus bearing greater resemblance to most clinical pain. The analgesic effects of morphine, meperidine, and stimulation of the periaqueductal grey matter are evaluated using this test.
This article was published in Pain and referenced in Journal of Pain Management & Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Medicine
    August 03-04, 2017 San Francisco USA
  • 5th International Conference and Exhibition on Pain Research and Management
    September 04-05, 2017 London UK

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords