Author(s): Kikuchi K, Kawahara K, Tancharoen S, Matsuda F, Morimoto Y,
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Abstract Edaravone, a potent free radical scavenger, is clinically used for the treatment of cerebral infarction in Japan. Here, we examined the effects of edaravone on the dynamics of high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), which is a key mediator of ischemic-induced brain damage, during a 48-h postischemia/reperfusion period in rats and in oxygen-glucose-deprived (OGD) PC12 cells. HMGB1 immunoreactivity was observed in both the cytoplasm and the periphery of cells in the cerebral infarction area 2 h after reperfusion. Intravenous administration of 3 and 6 mg/kg edaravone significantly inhibited nuclear translocation and HMGB1 release in the penumbra area and caused a 26.5 +/- 10.4 and 43.8 +/- 0.5\% reduction, respectively, of the total infarct area at 24 h after reperfusion. Moreover, edaravone also decreased plasma HMGB1 levels. In vitro, edaravone dose-dependently (1-10 microM) suppressed OGD- and H(2)O(2)-induced HMGB1 release in PC12 cells. Furthermore, edaravone (3-30 microM) blocked HMGB1-triggered apoptosis in PC12 cells. Our findings suggest a novel neuroprotective mechanism for edaravone that abrogates the release of HMGB1.
This article was published in J Pharmacol Exp Ther
and referenced in Biochemistry & Analytical Biochemistry