Author(s): Marmor MD, Julius M
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Abstract Many glycosylphosphatidyl-inositol-anchored proteins (GPI-AP) are expressed on T lymphocytes. Ligand or mAb-mediated aggregation of all GPI-AP tested to date results in the initiation of signal transduction pathways via the activation of src family protein tyrosine kinases. Src family kinases co-localise with GPI-AP in specialised sub-domains of the plasma membrane, referred to as detergent insoluble membrane microdomains (DIGS), which are thought to function as signalling platforms. GPI-AP may play a role in the regulation of T cell clonal expansion and effector functions at multiple levels, including the initiation of T cell activation through the antigen receptor complex, the regulation of ongoing responses supported by persisting antigen, as well as proliferative responses to the major T cell growth factor, IL-2. Evidence supporting the role of GPI-AP in the regulation of T cell development, activation and homeostasis is discussed, as well as insights provided by studies in humans and mice lacking GPI-AP.
This article was published in J Biol Regul Homeost Agents
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics