alexa The function of interleukin 17 in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Author(s): Paradowska A, Maliiski W, GrzybowskaKowalczyk A, acki J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Interleukin (IL)-17 is a 30- to 35-kDa homodimeric polypeptide cytokine cloned in 1993 and originally named cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-8 (CTLA-8). Sequencing the human genome resulted in the discovery of an additional five members of the IL-17 family that were consecutively named IL-17B to IL-17F. IL-17A is exclusively produced by a newly identified CD4+ T-helper subset that was recently named Th17. Differentiation of these cells from naive CD4+ T cells requires both TGF-beta and IL-6. IL-15 and, especially, IL-23 are required for these cells' survival and efficient IL-17 production. IL-17 binding to an IL-17 receptor expressed on epithelial, endothelial, and fibroblastic stromal cells triggers the activation of transcription factor NF-kappaB and mitogen-activated protein kinase (p-38), which in turn results in the secretion of IL-1, TNF-alpha, IL-6, IL-8, or prostaglandin E2. The IL-17 family plays a key role in the regulation of immune and inflammatory response, in the homeostasis of several tissues, and the progression of autoimmune diseases. In addition, IL-17 exerts synergistic effects with TNF-alpha and IL-1 in the induction of joint inflammation and cartilage and joint destruction. Given these properties, it is not surprising that in certain pathological conditions, for example rheumatoid arthritis, Th17 cells emerge as a new pathological cell type that, by IL-17 production and release, contributes to their pathogeneses.
This article was published in Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz) and referenced in Biochemistry & Physiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 2nd International Conference on Biochemistry
    September 28-29, 2017 Dubai, UAE

  • 3rd Annual Congress on Bioscience
    October 16-17, 2017 Dubai,UAE

  • 3rd International Conference on Transcriptomics
    October 30 - November 01, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

  • 3rd International Conference on Genetic and Protein Engineering (10 Plenary Forums - 1 Event)
    November 08-09, 2017 Las Vegas, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords