alexa The galactokinase of Hypocrea jecorina is essential for cellulase induction by lactose but dispensable for growth on d-galactose.
Microbiology

Microbiology

Fermentation Technology

Author(s): Seiboth B, Hartl L, Pail M, Fekete E, Karaffa L,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Lactose is the only soluble carbon source which can be used economically for the production of cellulases or heterologous proteins under cellulase expression signals by Hypocrea jecorina (=Trichoderma reesei). Towards an understanding of lactose metabolism and its role in cellulase formation, we have cloned and characterized the gal1 (galactokinase) gene of H. jecorina, which catalyses the first step in d-galactose catabolism. It exhibits a calculated Mr of 57 kDa, and shows moderate identity (about 40\%) to its putative homologues of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces lactis. Gal1 is a member of the GHMP family, shows conservation of a Gly/Ser rich region involved in ATP binding and of amino acids (Arg 51, Glu 57, Asp 60, Asp 214, Tyr 270) responsible for galactose binding. A single transcript was formed constitutively during the rapid growth phase on all carbon sources investigated and accumulated to about twice this level during growth on d-galactose, l-arabinose and their corresponding polyols. Deletion of gal1 reduces growth on d-galactose but does only slightly affect growth on lactose. This is the result of the operation of a second pathway for d-galactose catabolism, which involves galactitol as an intermediate, and whose transient concentration is strongly enhanced in the delta-gal1 strain. In this pathway, galactitol is catabolised by the lad1-encoded l-arabinitol-4-dehydrogenase, because a gal1/lad1 double delta-mutant failed to grow on d-galactose. In the delta-gal1 strain, induction of the Leloir pathway gene gal7 (encoding galactose-1-phosphate uridylyltransferase) by d-galactose, but not by l-arabinose, is impaired. Induction of cellulase gene expression by lactose is also impaired in a gal1 deleted strain, whereas their induction by sophorose (the putative cellulose-derived inducer) was shown to be normal, thus demonstrating that galactokinase is a key enzyme for cellulase induction during growth on lactose, and that induction by lactose and sophorose involves different mechanisms.
This article was published in Mol Microbiol and referenced in Fermentation Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords