Author(s): Gharipour M
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Any discussion on Mughal gardens in India without having an understanding of the socio-political situation of that age and the importance of royal patronage is impossible. Such contextual study could enable us to assess the degrees of foreign influence versus local trends which led to the formation of a collection of gardens in a large territory from Kabul to Delhi for about three centuries. What is called as “Mughal Indians” was the dynasty of Central Asian origin that ruled portions of the Indian subcontinent from 1526 to 1857. It was founded by Babur (1526–30), a prince descended from Timur and Genghis Khan. Babur invaded Kabul and Delhi in 1526. Supported by the Safavid court, Babur’s successor, Humayun (1530-1555), could regain his lost territory and re-establish Mughal power in the subcontinent after the capture of Kabul in 1545, and Delhi in 1555. Akbar (1556–1605), who inherited a small and precarious kingdom, stretched it from Kabul to the Deccan. Akbar’s son, Jahangir (1605–27) continued the policies set in place by his father and, for the most part, did not interfere with the institutions of state. While his son, Shah Jahan, mainly developed art and architecture in his territory without being worried much about politics. His grandson, Aurangdzeb, expanded Mughal territory to its greatest extent, but at the same time suffered from several Hindu revolts.
This article was published in University of North Carolina
and referenced in Journal of Steel Structures & Construction