alexa The genetics of haemostasis: a twin study.


Medicinal chemistry

Author(s): de Lange M, Snieder H, Arins RA, Spector TD, Grant PJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The concentrations of fibrinogen, factor VII and VIII, von Willebrand factor, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and tissue plasminogen activator have been associated with coronary-heart disease. In addition, polymorphisms in the genes coding for fibrinogen, factor VII, PAI-1, and factor XIII have been reported to affect both protein concentrations and cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS: We did a classic twin study to assess heritabilities of these haemostatic factors. We enrolled 1002 female twins; 149 pairs of monozygotic and 352 pairs of dizygotic twins. 89 monozygotic and 196 dizygotic twin pairs were analysed for factor VII. FINDINGS: Quantitative genetic model fitting showed that genetic factors contributed to about 41-75\% of the variation in concentrations of fibrinogen, factor VII, factor VIII, PAI-1, tissue plasminogen activator, factor XIII A-subunit and B-subunit, and von Willebrand factor. Factor XIII activity showed higher (82\%) and factor XIIa lower (38\%) heritability. INTERPRETATION: We have shown that genetic factors have a major effect on plasma concentrations of haemostatic proteins. Our results stress the importance of research into the genetic regulation of proteins involved in haemostasis and atherothrombotic disorders, including myocardial infarction and stroke. This article was published in Lancet and referenced in Medicinal chemistry

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version