Author(s): Wen ZT, Peng L, Morrison M
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Abstract Prevotella spp. are believed to play a central role in ruminal nitrogen metabolism, but little is understood about the genetics and biochemistry of nitrogen assimilation and regulation in these bacteria. The gene encoding a family III glutamine synthetase (GSIII, glnN) in Prevotella bryantii B(1)4 was cloned by Escherichia coli mutant complementation, and enzyme assays as well as Northern blot analysis showed that maximal enzyme activity and glnN transcription occurred in cells grown under nitrogen-limiting conditions. Addition of methionine sulfoximine (MSX), a GS inhibitor, terminated bacterial growth when ammonium was provided as the sole nitrogen source, but the inhibitory effect could be overcome by the inclusion of either L-glutamine or trypticase in the growth medium. A P. bryantii mutant lacking glutamate dehydrogenase (GdhA) activity was isolated by ethylmethylsulfonate mutagenesis. Growth studies with different nitrogen sources showed that the mutant strain was still capable of growth with ammonium as the sole nitrogen source, albeit at a decreased growth rate. The mutant strain could also grow with L-glutamine as a nitrogen source in the presence of MSX. These data suggest that GlnN provides an effective route of ammonium assimilation for P. bryantii, in addition to that afforded by the glutamate dehydrogenase pathway.
This article was published in FEMS Microbiol Lett
and referenced in Journal of Probiotics & Health