Author(s): Brown CR, McCann JA, Chiang HL
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Abstract Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) is targeted to the vacuole for degradation when Saccharomyces cerevisiae are shifted from low to high glucose. Before vacuolar import, however, FBPase is sequestered inside a novel type of vesicle, the vacuole import and degradation (Vid) vesicles. Here, we reconstitute import of FBPase into isolated Vid vesicles. FBPase sequestration into Vid vesicles required ATP and cytosol, but was inhibited if ATP binding proteins were depleted from the cytosol. The heat shock protein Ssa2p was identified as one of the ATP binding proteins involved in FBPase import. A Deltassa2 strain exhibited a significant decrease in the rate of FBPase degradation in vivo as compared with Deltassa1, Deltassa3, or Deltassa4 strains. Likewise, in vitro import was impaired for the Deltassa2 strain, but not for the other Deltassa strains. The cytosol was identified as the site of the Deltassa2 defect; Deltassa2 cytosol did not stimulate FBPase import into import competent Vid vesicles, but wild-type cytosol supported FBPase import into competent Deltassa2 vesicles. The addition of purified recombinant Ssa2p stimulated FBPase import into Deltassa2 Vid vesicles, providing Deltassa2 cytosol was present. Thus, Ssa2p, as well as other undefined cytosolic proteins are required for the import of FBPase into vesicles.
This article was published in J Cell Biol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pharmacology