Author(s): Chen L, Zhang W, Fregien N, Pierce M
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Abstract Malignant transformation is associated with changes in the glycosylation of cell surface proteins. For example, the N-linked oligosaccharides containing the [GlcNAc beta(1,6)Man] branch are increased after transformation of many cell types by a number of tumor viruses and oncogenes which induce the expression of N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase V (GlcNAc-T V), the enzyme that adds this branch. A large percentage of human breast carcinomas have increased N-linked beta(1,6) branches on glycoproteins, while up to 30\% of breast carcinomas have amplified the oncogene her-2/neu (erb-B2). We tested the hypothesis that expression of her-2/neu stimulates GlcNAc-T V gene expression and increases the beta(1,6) branching of N-linked oligosaccharides. We found that neu-transformed NIH3T3 cells have a threefold increase in GlcNAc-T V enzyme activity and increased beta(1,6) branching on a specific set of glycoproteins. Promoter/reporter experiments showed that her-2/neu stimulates transcription from the human GlcNAc-T V promoter and that the her-2/neu response element was located about 400 bp 5' of the transcription initiation site and includes three Ets transcription factor binding sequences. Co-transfections with dominant-negative Raf and Ets expression plasmids demonstrated that the transcriptional activation of the GlcNAc-T V promoter by neu is mediated by the Ras-Raf-Ets signal transduction pathway.
This article was published in Oncogene
and referenced in Journal of Glycomics & Lipidomics