alexa The HLA gene complex in thyroid autoimmunity: from epidemiology to etiology.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Jacobson EM, Huber A, Tomer Y, Jacobson EM, Huber A, Tomer Y

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) comprise a cadre of complex diseases whose underlying pathoetiology stems from a genetic-environmental interaction, between susceptibility genes (e.g. CTLA-4, HLA-DR, thyroglobulin) and environmental triggers (e.g. dietary iodine), that orchestrates the initiation of an autoimmune response to thyroid antigens, leading to the onset of disease. Abundant epidemiological data, including family and twin studies, point to a strong genetic influence on the development of AITD. Several AITD susceptibility genes have been identified, with HLA genes, in particular, appearing to be of major importance. Early studies showed association of HLA-DR3 with Graves' disease (GD) in Caucasians. More recently, the importance of an amino acid substitution at position 74 of the DR beta 1 chain of HLA-DR3 (DRb1-Arg74), in susceptibility to Graves' disease, has been shown. Furthermore, there is increasing evidence for a genetic interaction between thyroglobulin variants and DRb1-Arg74 in conferring risk for GD. Mechanistically, the presence of an arginine at position 74 elicits a significant structural change in the peptide binding pocket of HLA-DR, potentially affecting the binding of pathogenic thyroidal peptides. Future therapeutic interventions may attempt to exploit this new bolus of knowledge by endeavoring to block or modulate pathogenic peptide presentation by HLA-DR.
This article was published in J Autoimmun and referenced in Journal of Thyroid Disorders & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords