Author(s): Kiefer B, Riemann M, Bche C, Kassemeyer HH, Nick P
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Abstract The oomycete grape downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola Berk. & Curt. Ex de Bary) is a serious pathogen of grapevine and spreads by extremely efficient cycles of asexual propagation. The high efficiency must involve efficient sensing of the host. We therefore analyzed the time course and morphology of the early development of this pathogen in a host system, by infection of leaf discs of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Müller-Thurgau), and in a host-free system. Host factors were demonstrated to influence pathogen development in the following ways: (i) the release of zoospores from mature sporangia was accelerated, (ii) the morphogenesis of the germ tube was coordinated, and (iii) the zoospores were targeted to the stomata by factors that depended on stomata closure. The findings show that the early development of P. viticola is regulated, specifically and coordinately, by factors originating from the host plant.
This article was published in Planta
and referenced in Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology