alexa The human OCT-4 isoforms differ in their ability to confer self-renewal.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Lee J, Kim HK, Rho JY, Han YM, Kim J

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OCT-4 transcription factors play an important role in maintaining the pluripotent state of embryonic stem cells and may prevent expression of genes activated during differentiation. Human OCT-4 isoform mRNAs encode proteins that have identical POU DNA binding domains and C-terminal domains but differ in their N-terminal domains. We report here the cloning and characterization of the human OCT-4B isoform. Human OCT-4B cDNA encodes a 265-amino acid protein with a predicted molecular mass of 30 kDa. Embryonic stem (ES) cell-based complementation assays using ZHBTc4 ES cells showed that unlike human OCT-4A, OCT-4B cannot sustain ES cell self-renewal. In addition, OCT-4B does not bind to a probe carrying the OCT-4 consensus binding sequence, and we demonstrate that two separate regions of its N-terminal domain are responsible for inhibiting DNA binding. We also demonstrate that OCT-4B is mainly localized to the cytoplasm. Overexpression of OCT-4B did not activate transcription from OCT-4-dependent promoters, although OCT-4A did as reported previously. Furthermore, transcriptional activation by human OCT-4A was not inhibited by co-expression of OCT-4B. Taken together, these data suggest that the DNA binding, transactivation, and abilities to confer self-renewal of the human OCT-4 isoforms differ. This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords