Author(s): Woliska E, Polkowska J, Domaski E
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Abstract Lesions made in the anterior medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) in pregnant or lactating ewes caused lack of development of the mammary gland and depressed milk yield, a decrease in plasma prolactin concentration and structural changes in the prolactin cells as manifested by a lack of the expected degranulation (lack of the hormone release) or by atrophic changes and diminished cell granulation (or granule synthesis). Lesions made in the caudal MBH during pregnancy advanced development of the mammary gland, induced a rapid increase in the plasma prolactin concentration and caused extensive degranulation of prolactin cells. These results indicate that at least two functional systems controlling the secretion and production of prolactin exist in the hypothalamus of sheep: an anterior system which is stimulatory and a caudal which is inhibitory.
This article was published in J Endocrinol
and referenced in Journal of Neurology & Neurophysiology