alexa The IL-1-like cytokine IL-33 is inactivated after maturation by caspase-1.


Angiology: Open Access

Author(s): Cayrol C

Abstract Share this page

IL-33 is a chromatin-associated cytokine of the IL-1 family that has recently been linked to many diseases, including asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular diseases. IL-33 signals through the IL-1 receptor-related protein ST2 and drives production of pro-inflammatory and T helper type 2-associated cytokines in mast cells, T helper type 2 lymphocytes, basophils, eosinophils, invariant natural killer T cells, and natural killer cells. It is currently believed that IL-33, like IL-1beta and IL-18, requires processing by caspase-1 to a mature form (IL-33(112-270)) for biological activity. Contrary to the current belief, we report here that full-length IL-33(1-270) is active and that processing by caspase-1 results in IL-33 inactivation, rather than activation. We show that full-length IL-33(1-270) binds and activates ST2, similarly to IL-33(112-270), and that cleavage by caspase-1 does not occur at the site initially proposed (Ser(111)), but rather after residue Asp(178) between the fourth and fifth predicted beta-strands of the IL-1-like domain. Surprisingly, the caspase-1 cleavage site (DGVD(178)G) is similar to the consensus site of cleavage by caspase-3, and IL-33 is also a substrate for this apoptotic caspase. Interestingly, we found that full-length IL-33, which is constitutively expressed to high levels by endothelial cells in most normal human tissues, can be released in the extracellular space after endothelial cell damage or mechanical injury. We speculate that IL-33 may function, similarly to the prototypical alarmins HMGB1 and IL-1alpha, as an endogenous danger signal to alert cells of the innate immune system of tissue damage during trauma or infection.

This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A and referenced in Angiology: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • International Conference on Vascular Biology & Medicine
    July 24-25, 2017 Chicago, USA
  • International Conference on Angiology
    Oct 16-17, 2017, Budapest, Hungary
  • 21st International Conference on Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
    October 16-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version