Author(s): Issa FG, Sullivan CE
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Abstract We studied the immediate effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) applied nasally on the pattern of sleep in 12 patients, aged 30-58 years, with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. All patients demonstrated a moderate to severe syndrome on the control night; apnea index ranged 28-83 apneas/h sleep. Nasal CPAP completely abolished all obstructive apneas and allowed apnea-free breathing in all 12 patients. Nasal CPAP had a marked effect on the sleep pattern. It significantly reduced stage I/II non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and markedly increased stage III/IV NREM and REM sleep on the first treatment night. Stage I/II NREM sleep decreased from a control of 62.7 +/- 2.3\% to 29.1 +/- 2.3\% on the first treatment night. Stage III/IV NREM sleep increased from a control of 6.7 +/- 1.6\% to 31.5 +/- 1.6\%. The rebound in this sleep stage was especially marked in 3 patients aged 55-58 years. REM sleep increased from a control of 18.4 +/- 2.0\% to 30.6 +/- 2.0\% on the first treatment night. There was an increase in REM density. All patients were treated for another 2 nights and their sleep pattern analyzed on the third night. All sleep stages were still significantly different to the control night. The possible mechanisms involved are discussed.
This article was published in Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol
and referenced in Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine