alexa The impact of biochemical methods for single muscle fibre analysis.
Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Physicaltherapy & Rehabilitation

Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Author(s): Pette D, Peuker H, Staron RS

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Biochemical methods for single muscle fibre analysis provide sensitive measures for elucidating muscle fibre heterogeneity. The understanding of the complexity of skeletal muscle fibres, initially based on qualitative histochemistry and immunohistochemistry, has been greatly expanded by quantitative micromethods, such as microphotometry and microbiochemical assays. Assessment of metabolic enzyme activity levels has revealed pronounced scattering within and between different fibre types and has highlighted the use of specific enzyme activity ratios as discriminative measures. With the exception of type I fibres, metabolic properties are loosely coupled with molecular properties of the myofibrillar apparatus. As such, myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms appear to be the best choice for fibre type delineation. Among the two available methods for MHC-based fibre type distinction, single fibre electrophoresis appears to be superior to immunohistochemistry. The electrophoretic separation of MHC isoforms in single fibres is quantitative and, as opposed to immunohistochemistry, yields important information on MHC isoform proportions in hybrid fibres. Histochemical staining for myofibrillar ATPase activity can, thus, be correlated in most cases with specific MHC isoform profiles. Single fibre studies have demonstrated a relationship between ATP phosphorylation potential and MHC isoform complement. This relationship corresponds to different tension costs and provides an additional rationale for the MHC-based fibre type diversity and transitions. The combination of reverse transcriptase (RT) with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has proved to be a highly sensitive tool and has extended single fibre analysis to the level of MHC mRNA isoforms. Application of RT-PCR techniques to single fibre fragments identified by their MHC protein isoform profile, provides insights at two levels of expression and, thus, has extended our knowledge on the plasticity of muscle and the dynamical state of muscle fibres. This article was published in Acta Physiol Scand and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords