alexa The impact of body mass index on renal transplant outcomes: a significant independent risk factor for graft failure and patient death.
Surgery

Surgery

Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Author(s): MeierKriesche HU, Arndorfer JA, Kaplan B

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Renal transplant recipients with elevated body mass index (BMI) have been shown to have inferior patient survival as compared to patients with lower BMI. However, previous studies could not establish a link between increased BMI and decreased death censored graft survival. Obesity in nontransplant patients has been associated with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, type II diabetes, proteinuria and glomerulopathy. Given this evidence it is possible that renal transplant recipients with an elevated BMI may have worse long term graft survival. To investigate this hypothesis we retrospectively analyzed 51,927 primary, adult renal transplants registered in the USRDS. METHODS: BMI at date of transplant was calculated for all patients using BMI=body weight (in kg)=.stature (height, in meters) squared. BMI values were further categorized into 11 categories: below 18, from 18 to 36 at 2 unit increments, and above 36 kg/m2. Primary study end points were graft and patient survival. Secondary study end points were death censored graft survival, chronic allograft failure, delayed graft function, and acute rejection (AR). Cox proportional hazard and logistic regression models investigated the link between categorized BMI and the study end points correcting for potential confounding variables. RESULTS: BMI showed a very strong association with outcomes after renal transplantation. The extremes of very high and very low BMI were associated with significantly worse patient and graft survival. The same was true for death censored graft survival and chronic allograft failure. Elevated BMI was also associated with an increased risk for delayed graft function while lower BMI was significantly protective. Acute rejection did not show any significant association with BMI. CONCLUSIONS: BMI has a very strong association with outcomes after renal transplantation independent of most of the known risk factors for patient and graft survival. The extremes of very high and very low BMI before renal transplantation are important risk factors for patient and graft survival. It is important to note that elevated BMI was significantly associated with worse graft survival independent of patient survival. Whether prospective weight adjustment before renal transplantation can favorably affect posttransplant risk needs to be assessed by further studies.
This article was published in Transplantation and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords