alexa The impact of diabetic autonomic neuropathy on the incretin effect.
Medicine

Medicine

Internal Medicine: Open Access

Author(s): Kazakos KA, Sarafidis PA, Yovos JG

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of diabetic autonomic neuropathy (AN) on the incretin effect in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). MATERIAL/METHODS: Forty patients with DM2 (20 with and 20 without AN) and 10 healthy controls were studied. The subjects underwent an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and 7-14 days later an intravenous infusion of 25 g glucose. Blood samples were drawn for glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) determination during the tests. The incretin effect was calculated from the total integrated amount of insulin or C-peptide during OGTT (A) and intravenous glucose infusion (B) according to the formula (A-B)/Ax100. RESULTS: Total insulin and C-peptide responses during OGTT were significantly higher than those after IV glucose infusion in the group of normal subjects, but not in the groups of diabetic patients. After the oral glucose load, GIP levels presented a significant increase in normal subjects and patients without AN, whereas GLP-1 levels increased only in normal subjects. Calculated either with the insulin or C-peptide responses, the incretin effect presented no significant difference between the two diabetic groups. However, using insulin responses, only the patients with AN had significantly lower incretin effect than controls, whereas when using C-peptide responses, both diabetic groups did. CONCLUSIONS: The incretin effect was impaired in both groups of diabetic patients. Autonomic neuropathy may further impair the incretin effect in DM2 through interference with GIP secretion or hepatic insulin extraction.
This article was published in Med Sci Monit and referenced in Internal Medicine: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 22nd World Cardiology Conference
    December 11-12, 2017 Rome, Italy

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords