Author(s): Pinto PC, Sanchez TG, Tomita S
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Abstract Tinnitus is a symptom present in approximately 15\% of the world population. Most patients are between 40 and 80 years of age; the prevalence above 60 reaches 33\%. About 20\% have moderate to severe impact in the quality of life but the factors associated with the tinnitus annoyance are not completely known. AIM: The objective of this study is to evaluate the relationship between age, gender and hearing loss on tinnitus annoyance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 68 patients were evaluated at the tinnitus center at our hospital, from March 2007 to march 2008, with a detailed interview, complete otolaryngological examination, the Portuguese version of the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and pure tone audiometry. RESULTS: Age varied from 24 to 83 (mean=59); the mean THI value was 39 (females: 36; males: 44). THI grades were: slight: 32.3\%; mild: 19.1\%; moderate: 20.6\%; severe: 13.2\% and catastrophic: 14.7\%. No significant correlation was found between gender (p=0.30), age (p=0.77) hearing loss (p>0.05 for all averages analyzed) and tinnitus severity. CONCLUSION: Gender, age and hearing loss do not influence tinnitus annoyance, using the THI.
This article was published in Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
and referenced in Journal of Phonetics & Audiology