alexa The impact of ischemic stress on the quality of isolated pancreatic islets.
Surgery

Surgery

Surgery: Current Research

Author(s): Goto M, Imura T, Inagaki A, Ogawa N, Yamaya H,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Although the ischemic stress of donated organs has been shown to have strong negative effects on islet recovery, the impact on islet quality remains uncertain. In the present study, therefore, we examined the influence of ischemic stress on the expression of inflammatory mediators among isolated islets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Islets were isolated from adult porcine pancreata subjected to 16-hour cold ischemia time (CIT) in addition to 40-minute warm ischemia time (WIT). We evaluated the islet yield, islet loss during the first 24 hours in culture, adenosine diphosphate (ADP)/adenosine triphosphate (ATP) ratio, ATP/DNA ratio, glucose-stimulated respiratory activity, in vivo bioassay, and the expression of inflammatory mediators (tissue factor [TF], [MCP-1], macrophage migration inhibitory factor) on the isolated islets. We also analyzed ATP/DNA ratios of the exocrine tissues during isolation procedures. RESULTS: The islet yield, survival rate during culture, and glucose-stimulated respiratory activity were significantly lower in cases of 16-hour CIT plus 40-minute WIT compared with the control group (P < .0001, .0006, and .002, respectively). In contrast, ADP/ATP ratio as well as TF and MCP-1 expressions on the isolated islets were higher among the ischemic group (P = .005, .16, and .005, respectively). During isolation procedures, the ATP/DNA of the exocrine tissues was extremely lower in the ischemic compared to the control group (P < .0001). Notably, however, both ATP/DNA and ADP/ATP ratio of isolated islets were well preserved even in the ischemic group (P = .45 and .40). DISCUSSION: These data suggest that ischemic stress during the preservation period negatively affects the energy status of exocrine tissues. Destruction of the exocrine tissues, in combination with warm ischemic stress during the isolation procedures, subsequently decreases isolated islet activity, inducing the expression of inflammatory mediators. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in Transplant Proc and referenced in Surgery: Current Research

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version