alexa The impact of oxidative stress on Arabidopsis mitochondria.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Bioenergetics: Open Access

Author(s): Sweetlove LJ, Heazlewood JL, Herald V, Holtzapffel R, Day DA,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Treatment of Arabidopsis cell culture for 16 h with H2O2, menadione or antimycin A induced an oxidative stress decreasing growth rate and increasing DCF fluorescence and lipid peroxidation products. Treated cells remained viable and maintained significant respiratory rates. Mitochondrial integrity was maintained, but accumulation of alternative oxidase and decreased abundance of lipoic acid-containing components during several of the treatments indicated oxidative stress. Analysis of the treatments was undertaken by IEF/SDS-PAGE, comparison of protein spot abundances and tandem mass spectrometry. A set of 25 protein spots increased >3-fold in H2O2/menadione treatments, a subset of these increased in antimycin A-treated samples. A set of 10 protein spots decreased significantly during stress treatments. A specific set of mitochondrial proteins were degraded by stress treatments. These damaged components included subunits of ATP synthase, complex I, succinyl CoA ligase, aconitase, and pyruvate and 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complexes. Nine increased proteins represented products of different genes not found in control mitochondria. One is directly involved in antioxidant defense, a mitochondrial thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase, while another, a thioredoxin reductase-dependent protein disulphide isomerase, is required for protein disulfide redox homeostasis. Several others are generally considered to be extramitochondrial but are clearly present in a highly purified mitochondrial fraction used in this study and are known to play roles in stress response. Using H2O2 as a model stress, further work revealed that this treatment induced a protease activity in isolated mitochondria, putatively responsible for the degradation of oxidatively damaged mitochondrial proteins and that O2 consumption by mitochondria was significantly decreased by H2O2 treatment.
This article was published in Plant J and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords