alexa The importance of IMP dehydrogenase inhibition in the broad spectrum antiviral activity of ribavirin and selenazofurin
Microbiology

Microbiology

Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Author(s): Roland K Robins, Ganapathi R Revankar, Patricia A McKernan, Byron K Murray

Abstract Share this page

The nucleosides ribavirin, selenazofurin, tiazofurin and bredinin all exhibit the lowering of guanylate pools in vitro and in vivo by the inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase. However, each of these nucleosides has a separate profile of antiviral and antitumor activity. The IMP dehydrogenase inhibition in the case of ribavirin and bredinin appears to be due to the nucleoside 5′-monophosphate and in the case of selenazofurin and tiazofurin to the NAD analogs formed intracellulary. With regard to the antiviral activity of these nucleosides, although selenazofurin was the most potent antiviral agent in vitro, its antiviral activity was also most readily reversed by exogenous guanosine. The antiviral activity was also most readily reversed by exogenous guanosine. The antiviral effects of ribavirin were only partially reversed under the conditions studied. These and related studies show that each of these nucleosides form nucleotide metabolites which act as enzyme inhibitors at additional sites other than IMP dehydrogenase. As in the case of ribavirin such inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase may result in an increased “self potentiation” by the lowering of guanylate pools in those instances where guanylate analogs are involved as inhibitors of viral specific or viral induced enzymes. Further studies should more clearly elucidate the importance of the simultaneous inhibition of various enzyme sites by different metabolic nucleotide forms of the same nucleoside analog

This article was published in Advances in Enzyme Regulation and referenced in Journal of Antimicrobial Agents

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords