Author(s): Howland J, Rohsenow DJ, AllensworthDavies D, Greece J, Almeida A,
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Abstract AIMS: To determine the incidence and covariates of hangover following a night of moderate alcohol consumption at a targeted breath alcohol level. DESIGN: Data were combined from three randomized cross-over trials investigating the effects of heavy drinking on next-day performance. A total of 172 participants received either alcoholic beverage (mean=0.115 g\% breath alcohol concentration) or placebo on one night and the other beverage a week later. The next day, participants completed a hangover scale. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 54 professional merchant mariners attending a recertification course at Kalmar Maritime Academy (Kalmar, Sweden) and 118 university students or recent graduates recruited from greater Boston. SETTING: One trial was conducted at Kalmar Maritime Academy (Sweden); the other two were conducted at the General Clinical Research Center at Boston Medical Center. MEASUREMENTS: A nine-item scale assessed hangover. FINDINGS: Hangover was reported by 76\% of participants. Neither alcoholic beverage type nor participant characteristics was associated with incidence of hangover. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings on the propensity of hangover suggest that 25-30\% of drinkers may be resistant to hangover.
This article was published in Addiction
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy