alexa The independent metabolic effects of halothane and isoflurane anaesthesia.


Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

Author(s): Carli F, Ronzoni G, Webster J, Khan K, Elia M

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Abstract Twelve healthy, unpremedicated women scheduled for total abdominal hysterectomy were given either isoflurane (n = 6) or halothane (n = 6) anaesthesia. They all received general anaesthesia for a period of 3 h, with surgery being carried out only in the last hour. The anaesthesia consisted of thiopentone, pancuronium and a mixture of oxygen-enriched air (FiO2 = 34\%) supplemented with 1 MAC of either isoflurane or halothane. The patients were maintained normothermic, and with an arterial SaO2 above 95\% throughout the period of the study. The following measurements were made before, during and after anaesthesia (with and without surgery): oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2); circulating concentrations of various hormones (insulin, growth hormone and cortisol); various metabolites; selected amino acids and albumin; forearm arterio-venous concentration difference of glucose, lactate, free fatty-acids and selected amino acids (four patients in each group). Whole body VO2 decreased significantly by over 20\% during anaesthesia (with or without surgery), P < 0.05). Although the circulating concentration of most amino acids showed little or no change during anaesthesia alone, there was a tendency for the flux of most metabolites to decrease, and this persisted during surgery (P < 0.05). During anaesthesia alone there was a twofold reduction in the plasma cortisol concentration (P < 0.05), and a decrease in albumin concentration (P < 0.01). With the onset of surgery, plasma cortisol concentration increased rapidly (in association with several other hormones and metabolites) but hypoalbuminemia persisted.
This article was published in Acta Anaesthesiol Scand and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research

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