Author(s): Pryme IF, Pusztai A, Bardocz S, Ewen SW
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Abstract The growth of a transplantable murine non-Hodgkin lymphoma tumour, developing either intraperitoneally as an ascites tumour or subcutaneously as a solid tumour, has been shown to be markedly diminished by including phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), a lectin present in raw kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the diet. In NMRI mice fed PHA within the range 0.45-7.0 mg/g diet, tumours which developed during a 10 day period after subcutaneous injection of cells were about 35\% of the dry weight of those in lactalbumin-fed (control) animals. The reduced rate of growth occurred in a dose-dependent manner within the range 0.45-3.5 mg/g diet. Based on these observations it has been suggested that a competition between the gut epithelium undergoing hyperplasia and the developing tumour may occur for nutrients from a common body pool, and this may be an important factor with regard to the observed initial low level of tumour growth following the feeding of a PHA-containing diet. Observations which showed that the level of hyperplasia of the small bowel in response to feeding the PHA diets was higher in non-injected mice compared to those which had been injected with tumour cells substantiated the concept of competition between gut and tumour for nutrients etc. required for growth. Experiments with a second murine tumour cell line (a plasmacytoma) in Balb/c mice gave similar results indicating that the effect of PHA was not restricted to a single tumour system.
This article was published in Histol Histopathol
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacognosy & Natural Products