Author(s): Hothan A, Huber G, Weiss C, Hoffmann N, Morlock M
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Abstract Squeaking of hip replacements with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings has put the use of this material into question despite its superior wear behavior. Squeaking has been related to implant design. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of particular acetabular cup and femoral stem designs on the incidence of squeaking and its characteristics. The dynamic behavior of the stem, head and stem assembled with head was investigated by determining their eigenfrequencies using experimental and numerical modal analysis. Four different stem and three different cup designs were investigated. Operational system vibrations resulting in audible squeaking were reproduced in a hip simulator and related to the respective component eigenfrequencies. The applied joint load and bearing clearance were varied in the clinically relevant range. Stems with lower eigenfrequencies were related to lower squeaking frequencies and increased acoustic pressure (loudness), and therefore to a higher susceptibility to squeaking. Higher load increased the squeaking frequency, while the acoustic pressure remained unchanged. No influence of the clearance or the cup design was found. Stem design was found to have an important influence on squeaking characteristics and its incidence, confirming and explaining similar clinical observations. Cup design itself was found to have no major influence on the dynamic behavior of the system but plays an important indirect role in influencing the magnitude of friction: Squeaking only occurs if the friction in the joint articulation is sufficient to excite vibrations to audible magnitudes. If friction is low, no squeaking occurs with any of the designs investigated. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in J Biomech
and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research