alexa The influence of flaxseed and lignans on colon carcinogenesis and beta-glucuronidase activity.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Author(s): Jenab M, Thompson LU

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Flaxseed, the richest source of mammalian lignan precursors, such as secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SD), has been shown over the short term to decrease some early markers of colon cancer risk. This study determined whether over the long term flaxseed still exerts a colon cancer protective effect, whether its effect may, in part, be due to its high content of SD and whether any change in beta-glucuronidase activity plays a role in the protective effect. Six groups of male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed for 100 days either a basal high fat (20\%) diet (BD), BD supplemented with 2.5 or 5\% flaxseed or 2.5 or 5\% defatted flaxseed (equivalent to the respective flaxseed diets) or BD with a daily gavage of 1.5 mg SD. All rats were injected with a single dose of azoxymethane (15 mg/kg body wt) 1 week prior to commencing the dietary treatments. Urinary lignan excretion, which is an indicator of mammalian lignan production, was significantly increased in the flaxseed and defatted flaxseed groups. The total activity of cecal beta-glucuronidase was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner by the flaxseed and defatted flaxseed diet groups. Compared with the control the number of aberrant crypts per focus was significantly reduced in the distal colon of the treated rats. Four microadenomas and two polyps were observed in the control group, but not in the treated groups. The total activity of beta-glucuronidase was positively correlated with total urinary lignan excretion and negatively with the total number of aberrant crypts and the total number of aberrant crypt foci in the distal colon. There were no significant differences between the flaxseed and the corresponding defatted flaxseed groups. It is concluded that flaxseed has a colon cancer protective effect, that it is due, in part, to SD and that the protective effect of flaxseed is associated with increased beta-glucuronidase activity.
This article was published in Carcinogenesis and referenced in Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords