Author(s): Giliba RA, Boon EK, Kayombo CJ, Chirenje LI, Musamba EB
Deforestation in forest reserves which is mainly driven by socio-economic factors is considered as one of the key issues of the sustainable use and management of biodiversity. This paper analyses socio-economic factors influencing deforestation in the Bereku forest reserve in Tanzania. Data were collected through questionnaires, interviews, focus group discussions and field observations. Descriptive and inferential methods were used to analyse and explain quantitative data while content analysis was used to analyse qualitative data. The results revealed that livelihood activities, period of residence close to forest and distance from homestead to the forest significantly influence deforestation in the study area. In addition, farm land size, household size, education, awareness of the management of the reserve and its boundaries insignificantly influence deforestation.