Author(s): Padilla S, Romn J, Carenas A, ValletReg M
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Abstract The aim of this work was to study the influence of the phosphorus on the crystallization and bioactivity of glass-ceramics obtained from sol-gel glasses. For this purpose two sol-gel glasses with a similar composition but one of them containing P2O5 (70\% SiO2; 30\% CaO and 70\% SiO2; 26\% CaO; 4\% P2O5, mol\%) were prepared. Pieces of these glasses were treated at temperatures ranging between 700 degrees C and 1400 degrees C for 3 h. The obtained materials were characterized by XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDS and the biaxial flexural strength was determined in samples heated at 1100 degrees C. In addition, an in vitro bioactivity study in simulated body fluid (SBF) was carried out. The results showed that phosphorus plays an important role in the crystallization of the glasses: it induced the crystallization of calcium phosphate phases, the stabilization of the wollastonite phase at high temperature as well as the crystallization of SiO2 phases at low temperatures. Moreover, the presence of phosphorus produced a heterogeneous distribution of defects in the pieces and, therefore, the flexural strength of samples containing this element decreased. Finally, glass-ceramics obtained from glasses containing phosphorus showed the fastest formation rate of the apatite layer when soaked in SBF.
This article was published in Biomaterials
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology