alexa The influences of age and caffeine on psychomotor and cognitive function.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Author(s): Rees K, Allen D, Lader M

Abstract Share this page

Abstract RATIONALE: The response to caffeine is affected by a number of factors, including age. Older subjects may be more sensitive to the objective effects than younger but report fewer subjective effects. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the influence of age on the effects of caffeine on a variety of psychomotor, cognitive and subjective tests. METHODS: Forty-eight healthy subjects, male and female, were recruited, 24 in the age range 20-25 and 24 in the range 50-65 years. All subjects were regular moderate caffeine drinkers and were not withdrawn from caffeine before entry to the study. A double-blind parallel group design was used with two groups of 12 subjects in each age range. One group in each age range received placebo and the other 250 mg caffeine B.P. A range of tests was used to assess psychomotor, cognitive and subjective functioning before and 1 h post-treatment. RESULTS: Before treatment, young subjects generally performed better than older on psychomotor and cognitive tests. On the subjective tests, however, older subjects rated themselves as more alert and less tired than the younger ones. After placebo, performance and alertness improved in the younger group but declined in the older. After caffeine there were improvements in psychomotor performance and cognitive functioning in both groups, particularly in offsetting declining performance over time in the older subjects. It also produced subjective improvements in alertness. One factor to emerge was that on most assessments older subjects were better earlier in the day whereas in younger subjects performance did not show the same magnitude of decline throughout the day. CONCLUSIONS: Caffeine induced small but significant improvements in vigilance and psychomotor performance.
This article was published in Psychopharmacology (Berl) and referenced in Clinical Pharmacology & Biopharmaceutics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords