Author(s): Jones MN, Wilkinson A
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Abstract 1. The binding of sodium n-dodecyl sulphate to beta-lactoglobulin was studied in the pH range 3.5-7.0 by equilibrium dialysis, ultracentrifugation and microcalorimetry. 2. At low binding concentrations (less than 30 bound surfactants anions per protein molecule) the complexes formed aggregates in solution. 3. At higher binding concentrations aggregation does not occur at low ionic strength (0.01 mol/litre), but continues at high ionic strength (0.1 mol/litre). 4. At 25 degrees C the enthalpy of interaction of sodium n-dodecyl sulphate with beta-lactoglobulin can be interpreted as the sum of the enthalpies of formation of a complex with 2 bound surfactant anions, with an enthalpy change of -9.5 kJ-mol-1 of bound surfactant, and complexes containing at least 22 bound surfactant anions, with limiting enthalpies per bound surfactant anion of -12.4 kJ-mol-1 at pH 3.5 and -3.25 kJ-mol-1 at pH 5.5. 5. The binding of surfactant and the enthalpy of interaction at pH 3.5 ARE NOT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECTED BY THE ADDITION Of 8 M-urea. 6. The data indicate that at low binding concentrations the interaction is of an ionic nature, and is accompanied by a conformational change in the protein.
This article was published in Biochem J
and referenced in Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology