Author(s): Matsumoto T, Kuroda R, Kubo S, Muratsu H, Mizuno K,
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Abstract We have developed a new tensor for total knee replacements which is designed to assist with soft-tissue balancing throughout the full range of movement with a reduced patellofemoral joint. Using this tensor in 40 patients with osteoarthritis we compared the intra-operative joint gap in cruciate-retaining and posterior-stabilised total knee replacements at 0 degrees , 10 degrees , 45 degrees , 90 degrees and 135 degrees of flexion, with the patella both everted and reduced. While the measurement of the joint gap with a reduced patella in posterior-stabilised knees increased from extension to flexion, it remained constant for cruciate-retaining joints throughout a full range of movement. The joint gaps at deep knee flexion were significantly smaller for both types of prosthetic knee when the patellofemoral joint was reduced (p < 0.05).
This article was published in J Bone Joint Surg Br
and referenced in Orthopedic & Muscular System: Current Research