Author(s): Pullmannov P, Bastos M, Bai G, Funari SS, Lacko I,
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Abstract Liposome dispersions obtained from the mixture of gemini surfactants of the type alkane-α,ω-diyl-bis(alkyldimethylammonium bromide) and helper lipid DOPC create complexes with DNA showing a regular inner microstructure, identified by small angle X-ray diffraction as condensed lamellar phase (L(α)(c)). In addition to the L(α)(c) phase, a coexisting lamellar phase L(B) was also identified in the complexes formed, with periodicities in the range ~8.8-5.7nm, at ionic strengths corresponding to 50-200mM NaCl. The periodicities of L(B) phase did not correspond to those identified in liposome dispersion without DNA using small angle neutron scattering. The observed phase separation is shown to depend on the interplay between the surface charge density of cationic liposomes, ionic strength and method of complex preparation. The effect of ionic strength on complex formation was studied by isothermal titration calorimetry and zeta potential measurements. High ionic strength reduces the fraction of bound DNA in the complexes, and the isoelectric point is attained at a ratio of DNA/gemini surfactant which is lower than the one that can be estimated by calculation based on nominal charges of CLs and DNA. Copyright Â© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biophys Chem
and referenced in Journal of Thermodynamics & Catalysis