alexa The isolation, characterization, and lipid-aggregating properties of a citrulline containing myelin basic protein.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Wood DD, Moscarello MA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Human myelin basic protein was fractionated into its various charge isomers by CM52 cation exchange chromatography. Approximately 25-30\% of the total charge applied to the column appeared in the void volume. This material termed "C-8," was further purified by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. Amino acid analyses of C-8 revealed low Arg (7 residue \% in C-8 compared to 11-12 residue \% in C-1) and increased Glx residues. The low Arg was accounted for by a corresponding amount of citrulline. Sequence analysis after chemical fragmentation (cyanogen bromide and BNPS-skatole) and enzymatic (cathepsin D and carboxypeptidase S-1) digestion localized the citrulline at residues 25, 31, 122, 130, 159, and 170 of the amino acid sequence. The effect of this loss of positive charge on the ability of the protein to aggregate lipid vesicles was demonstrated with vesicles composed of phosphatidylcholine (92.2 mol \%) and phosphatidylserine (7.8 mol \%). C-1 was the most effective charge isomer, and C-8 was the least effective. The ability of these charge isomers to aggregate vesicles correlated with the net positive charge on each. Vesicles composed of phosphatidylcholine alone were not aggregated by lipophilin or any of the charge isomers. However, when lipophilin was incorporated into phosphatidylcholine vesicles (50\% w/w), small, optically clear suspensions of vesicles were formed. None of C-1, C-2, or C-3 aggregated these vesicles, but C-8 produced rapid vesicle aggregation. Since the substitution of citrulline for Arg would generate several relatively long apolar sequences, these would enhance the ability of C-8 to interact with the hydrophobic lipophilin molecule, promoting vesicle aggregation by hydrophobic interactions. The mechanism by which citrulline is generated in myelin is not known, although enzymatic conversion has been described in other systems. Studies are underway to elucidate the mechanism by which this post-translational modification is generated.
This article was published in J Biol Chem and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics
    October 23-24, 2017 Paris, France
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords