Author(s): Gray AM, Rawls SM, Shippenberg TS, McGinty JF
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Abstract The effects of a kappa-opioid receptor agonist on acute amphetamine-induced behavioral activation and dialysate levels of dopamine and glutamate in the ventral striatum were investigated. Amphetamine (2.5 mg/kg i.p.) evoked a substantial increase in rearing, sniffing, and hole-poking behavior as well as dopamine and glutamate levels in the ventral striatum of awake rats. U-69593 (0.32 mg/kg s.c.) significantly decreased the amphetamine-evoked increase in behavior and dopamine and glutamate levels in the ventral striatum. Reverse dialysis of the selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonist, nor-binaltorphimine, into the ventral striatum antagonized the effects of U-69593 on amphetamine-induced behavior and dopamine and glutamate levels. Reverse dialysis of low calcium (0.1 mM) into the ventral striatum decreased basal dopamine, but not glutamate, dialysate levels by 91\% 45 min after initiation of perfusion. Strikingly, 0.1 mM calcium perfusion significantly reduced the 2.5 mg/kg amphetamine-evoked increase in dopamine and glutamate levels in the ventral striatum, distinguishing a calcium-dependent and a calcium-independent component of release. U-69593 did not alter the calcium-independent component of amphetamine-evoked dopamine and glutamate levels. These data are consistent with the view that a transsynaptic mechanism augments the increase in dopamine and glutamate levels in the ventral striatum evoked by a moderately high dose of amphetamine and that stimulation of kappa-opioid receptors suppresses the calcium-dependent component of amphetamine's effects.
This article was published in J Neurochem
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy