alexa The loop between helix 4 and helix 5 in the monocarboxylate transporter MCT1 is important for substrate selection and protein stability.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Author(s): Gali S, Schneider HP, Brer A, Deitmer JW, Brer S

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Transport of lactate, pyruvate and the ketone bodies acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate, is mediated in most mammalian cells by members of the monocarboxylate transporter family (SLC16). A conserved signature sequence has been identified in this family, which is located in the loop between helix 4 and helix 5 and extends into helix 5. We have mutated residues in this signature sequence in the rat monocarboxylate transporter (MCT1) to elucidate the significance of this region for monocarboxylate transport. Mutation of R143 and G153 resulted in complete inactivation of the transporter. For the MCT1(G153V) mutant this was explained by a failure to reach the plasma membrane. The lack of transport activity of MCT1(R143Q) could be partially rescued by the conservative exchange R143H. The resulting mutant transporter displayed reduced stability, a decreased V (max) of lactate transport but not of acetate transport, and an increased stereoselectivity. Mutation of K137, K141 and K142 indicated that only K142 played a significant role in the transport mechanism. Mutation of K142 to glutamine resulted in an increase of the K (m) for lactate from 5 mM to 12 mM. In contrast with MCT1(R143H), MCT1(K142Q) was less stereoselective than the wild-type. A mechanism is proposed that includes all critical residues.
This article was published in Biochem J and referenced in Journal of Computer Science & Systems Biology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords