Author(s): Castilho PV, Williams BC, Mochida S, Zhao Y, Goldberg ML, Castilho PV, Williams BC, Mochida S, Zhao Y, Goldberg ML
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Abstract We have previously shown that Greatwall kinase (Gwl) is required for M phase entry and maintenance in Xenopus egg extracts. Here, we demonstrate that Gwl plays a crucial role in a novel biochemical pathway that inactivates, specifically during M phase, "antimitotic" phosphatases directed against phosphorylations catalyzed by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). A major component of this phosphatase activity is heterotrimeric PP2A containing the B55delta regulatory subunit. Gwl is activated during M phase by Cdk1/cyclin B (MPF), but once activated, Gwl promotes PP2A/B55delta inhibition with no further requirement for MPF. In the absence of Gwl, PP2A/B55delta remains active even when MPF levels are high. The removal of PP2A/B55delta corrects the inability of Gwl-depleted extracts to enter M phase. These findings support the hypothesis that M phase requires not only high levels of MPF function, but also the suppression, through a Gwl-dependent mechanism, of phosphatase(s) that would otherwise remove MPF-driven phosphorylations.
This article was published in Mol Biol Cell
and referenced in Single Cell Biology