alexa The Maillard reaction in the human body. The main discoveries and factors that affect glycation.
Medicine

Medicine

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

Author(s): Tessier FJ

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Abstract Ever since the discovery of the Maillard reaction in 1912 and the discovery of the interaction between advanced glycation end-products and cellular receptors, impressive progress has been made in the knowledge of nonenzymatic browning of proteins in vivo. This reaction which leads to the accumulation of random damage in extracellular proteins is known to have deleterious effects on biological function, and is associated with aging and complication in chronic diseases. Despite a controlled membrane permeability and a protective regulation of the cells, intracellular proteins are also altered by the Maillard reaction. Two main factors, protein turnover and the concentration of carbonyls, are involved in the rate of formation of the Maillard products. This paper reviews the key milestones of the discovery of the Maillard reaction in vivo, better known as glycation, and the factors which are likely to affect it. (c) 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. This article was published in Pathol Biol (Paris) and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research

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