alexa The management of pelvic abscess
Reproductive Medicine

Reproductive Medicine

Gynecology & Obstetrics

Author(s): Granberg S

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The optimum treatment for pelvic abscess would be an approach that is safe, efficacious, cost-effective, minimally invasive, and which affects the woman's fertility potential as little as possible. In women of reproductive age tubo-ovarian abscess is one of the most common types of pelvic abscess. Tubo-ovarian abscesses are classically treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics. Frequently this approach fails and surgical intervention becomes necessary in about 25% of all cases. Surgical procedures include laparotomy or laparoscopy with drainage of abscess, unilateral or bilateral salpingo-ophorectomy, and hysterectomy. However, surgery for tubo-ovarian abscess is often technically difficult and associated with complications. An alternative approach is the use of imaging-guided drainage of abscess in combination with antibiotics. Combined data from several studies indicate that ultrasound-guided transvaginal drainage with concomitant antibiotics is especially safe and efficacious. This chapter discusses the management of pelvic abscess with a special focus on transvaginal ultrasound-guided drainage of tubo-ovarian abscess.

This article was published in Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. and referenced in Gynecology & Obstetrics

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